Frost Hardy Vegetables: The Ultimate Guide

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Frost-hardy vegetables can withstand frosty temperatures and even a light frost without damage.

Many gardeners choose to grow frost-hardy vegetables so they can enjoy fresh, homegrown produce even during the colder months.

If you have yet to grow frost-hardy vegetables in cold temperatures, read on to find out how many you can grow and how many taste better after a frost!

Frost Hardy Vegetables Allow You to Maximize the Amount of Food You Grow in a Single Plot

Growing up in the South, we didn’t really have a fall garden, and we definitely didn’t have a winter garden. Most people were so worn out by the long, hot, and humid summer growing season that they just needed a break by the time fall rolled around.

But now that I’m growing vegetables for an online store and farmstand, I need to squeeze out every bit of productivity from my 1/10 1/2 acre market garden plot that I can so I grow year-round.

My garden is almost as full of food in the fall as in the summer because I grow a wide variety of frost-tolerant vegetables.

We just had a rogue frost this October, 3 weeks earlier than usual. Most other gardens were killed off, but I hardly noticed the frost at all because my garden was already full of frost-hardy vegetables.

A bowl of fresh vegetables for a salad, including carrots, kale, red pepper, peas, tomatoes, sprouting broccoli.
This entire bowl of salad veggies came out of my garden a few days ago, the first week of November.

The Best Cold-Tolerant Vegetables to Grow

If you are ready to try cold-tolerant vegetables in your garden, try any or all of these vegetables during the cool temperatures of the fall and winter seasons. You’ll be rewarded with pounds and pounds of food that’s more delicious and affordable than anything in the grocery store!

Broccoli

Broccoli is a frost-resistant vegetable that thrives in cooler weather, making it a great choice for a fall home garden. It is also packed with nutrients, including vitamins A, C, and K.

Broccoli is a versatile vegetable that can be eaten raw or cooked, making it a great addition to any meal. When cooked, broccoli retains most of its nutrients. However, it is important to not overcook broccoli, as this can cause the vegetable to lose its nutritional value.

With its many vitamins and frost resistance, broccoli is a great choice for anyone looking to add more vegetables to their diet.

Broccoli Varieties to Grow

Waltham 29

This variety is a mainstay variety of broccoli. I recommend the heading broccoli because it is well-adapted for most gardeners.

My Go-To Heading Broccoli
Waltham 29 Broccoli- Hoss Tools Waltham 29 Broccoli- Hoss Tools
  • Excellent cold tolerance
  • The Go-To heading heirloom broccoli
  • Let some go to seed so you can replant next year
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Cabbage

Cabbage is a great vegetable to grow in a home garden for several reasons.

First, it is a hardy vegetable that can survive cold weather and even some frost. This means that it can be one of the first vegetables to be planted in the spring, and it will still produce well into the fall.

Second, cabbage is a very versatile vegetable. It can be eaten raw in salads, cooked as a side dish, or even pickled for later use. This makes it a great option for those who want fresh vegetables year-round.

Finally, cabbage is relatively easy to grow. It does not require much care or attention, and it will often do well even in less-than-ideal conditions. One particular benefit of growing cabbage in the fall is that the pests that normally plague cabbage are not as active in the fall. For all these reasons, cabbage is an excellent choice for anyone looking to add some fresh vegetables to their home garden.

Cabbage Varieties to Grow

Frost-hardy vegetables can withstand frosty temperatures and even a light frost without damage.

Many gardeners choose to grow frost-hardy vegetables so they can enjoy fresh, homegrown produce even during the colder months.

If you have yet to grow frost-hardy vegetables in cold temperatures, read on to find out how many you can grow and how many taste better after a frost!

Frost Hardy Vegetables Allow You to Maximize the Amount of Food You Grow in a Single Plot

Growing up in the South, we didn’t really have a fall garden, and we definitely didn’t have a winter garden. Most people were so worn out by the long, hot, and humid summer growing season that they just needed a break by the time fall rolled around.

But now that I’m growing vegetables for an online store and farmstand, I need to squeeze out every bit of productivity from my 1/10 1/2 acre market garden plot that I can so I grow year-round.

My garden is almost as full of food in the fall as in the summer because I grow a wide variety of frost-tolerant vegetables.

We just had a rogue frost this October, 3 weeks earlier than usual. Most other gardens were killed off, but I hardly noticed the frost at all because my garden was already full of frost-hardy vegetables.

A bowl of fresh vegetables for a salad, including carrots, kale, red pepper, peas, tomatoes, sprouting broccoli.
This entire bowl of salad veggies came out of my garden a few days ago, the first week of November.

The Best Cold-Tolerant Vegetables to Grow

If you are ready to try cold-tolerant vegetables in your garden, try any or all of these vegetables during the cool temperatures of the fall and winter seasons. You’ll be rewarded with pounds and pounds of food that’s more delicious and affordable than anything in the grocery store!

Broccoli

Broccoli is a frost-resistant vegetable that thrives in cooler weather, making it a great choice for a fall home garden. It is also packed with nutrients, including vitamins A, C, and K.

Broccoli is a versatile vegetable that can be eaten raw or cooked, making it a great addition to any meal. When cooked, broccoli retains most of its nutrients. However, it is important to not overcook broccoli, as this can cause the vegetable to lose its nutritional value.

With its many vitamins and frost resistance, broccoli is a great choice for anyone looking to add more vegetables to their diet.

Broccoli Varieties to Grow

Waltham 29

This variety is a mainstay variety of broccoli. I recommend the heading broccoli because it is well-adapted for most gardeners.

My Go-To Heading Broccoli
Waltham 29 Broccoli- Hoss Tools Waltham 29 Broccoli- Hoss Tools
  • Excellent cold tolerance
  • The Go-To heading heirloom broccoli
  • Let some go to seed so you can replant next year
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Cabbage

Cabbage is a great vegetable to grow in a home garden for several reasons.

First, it is a hardy vegetable that can survive cold weather and even some frost. This means that it can be one of the first vegetables to be planted in the spring, and it will still produce well into the fall.

Second, cabbage is a very versatile vegetable. It can be eaten raw in salads, cooked as a side dish, or even pickled for later use. This makes it a great option for those who want fresh vegetables year-round.

Finally, cabbage is relatively easy to grow. It does not require much care or attention, and it will often do well even in less-than-ideal conditions. One particular benefit of growing cabbage in the fall is that the pests that normally plague cabbage are not as active in the fall. For all these reasons, cabbage is an excellent choice for anyone looking to add some fresh vegetables to their home garden.

Cabbage Varieties to Grow

Tiara

These cabbages are small, quick-growing lovely heads of 2-pound cabbages. They are perfect for one meal, and can be densely planted in your garden so you get lots of production in a small space. 

I’m growing some as we speak and I can’t wait to harvest them. They are perfect for a single person or couple. Even in my family of 4, a regular cabbage is much too big because my daughters don’t like it the way my husband and I do. 

Very Versatile Size and Great Taste
Tiara Cabbages- High Mowing Seeds Tiara Cabbages- High Mowing Seeds
  • Small, 1-2 lb cabbages are the perfect size for 1 person
  • Smaller size means faster time to maturity


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Three Rows of Cabbage Seedlings in Dark Rich Soil with a Tan Drip Line Running Through the 30- inch Bed
My Tiara cabbages are growing away as I wait patiently to eat them.

Sprouting Broccoli

Sprouting broccoli is a frost-resistant vegetable that can mature in as quickly as 35 days, which is at least 6 weeks sooner than other regular heading broccoli varieties. The tender stems are full of nutrients, making it a great vegetable to grow in a home garden. Additionally, the frost-resistant nature of broccoli makes it a great choice for gardeners in colder climates. Because it matures so quickly, sprouting broccoli is also a great choice for gardeners who want to plant in late summer and start harvesting their fall crop as soon as possible. Sprouting broccoli also sends out several side shoots along with the main stalk. I’ve gotten as many as 5 or 6 harvests off a single sprouting broccoli plant!

Sprouting Broccoli Varieties to Grow

Santee F1

Santee F1 Sprouting Broccoli- High Mowing  Seeds Santee F1 Sprouting Broccoli- High Mowing Seeds
  • Mini purple heads on leafy stalks; also known as broccolini.
  • Abundant, tender burgundy spears and mini broccoli heads are flavorful and packed with nutrients.
  • Unlike most sprouting broccolis, Santee F1 doesn’t require cold treatment to initiate bud development.
  • Can be overwintered for impressive yields.
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Kale

Kale is a great vegetable to grow in a home garden because it matures quickly and produces all fall and winter. It is extremely cold-tolerant and can survive all winter with a bit of protection. It truly is one of the hardiest vegetables to grow.

Kale is highly nutritious and high in fiber. The leaves are dark green and textured, and the flavor is slightly bitter. Kale can be eaten raw or cooked, and is often used in soups and salads. Kale is a good source of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as calcium, iron, and potassium. Growing kale in your home garden is a great way to get fresh, healthy vegetables all year round.

Picking kale at different maturity levels allows you to use it in different types of dishes. Early tender leaves can be used as fall and winter replacement for lettuce in salads, and if harvested later they can be sauteed and braised as a side dish. Another benefit of kale is its unmatched productivity. A single kale plant can produce pounds and pounds of food for your family. 

Kale Varieties to Grow

Red Russian

Slugs Tend to Stay Away
Red Russian Kale-High Mowing Seeds Red Russian Kale-High Mowing Seeds
  • I find that slugs seem to avoid this particular cultivar, possibly because the edges are not regular and the slugs have difficulty grabbing the leaf
  • Red Russian Kale is the one to grow if you have a lot of slugs around, in my experience
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Dwarf Blue Curled Kale

Very Tasty in Cold Weather
Dwarf Blue Curled Kale- Botanical Interests Dwarf Blue Curled Kale- Botanical Interests
  • Is delicious all year but really shines in cold weather
  • The tender leaves become sweeter after a light frost
  • The most popular kale in my market garden
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Scarlet Kale

Scarlet Kale- Hoss Tools Scarlet Kale- Hoss Tools
  • My favorite kale for kale salads- very flavorful leaves, but tender at the same time
  • Like all the kale I’ve tried, it gets sweeter over time
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Chinese Cabbage

Chinese cabbage is a hardy cabbage that can be grown in cool weather. It is easy to grow and produces a savoyed leaf that is quite tender with a mild flavor. Chinese cabbage can be harvested in as little as 30 days, making it a great option for gardeners who want to get a quick crop. The hardiness of this cabbage means that it can withstand frost and still produce a good harvest. So, if you’re looking for a cabbage that is easy to grow and produces a tasty leaf, then Chinese cabbage is a great option for you.

Chinese Cabbage Varieties to Grow

Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage

Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage-High Mowing Seeds Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage-High Mowing Seeds
  • Chinese Cabbage is a delicate and cold hearty addition to my garden
  • You’ll love this hybrid variety
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Turnips

Turnips are a great vegetable to grow in a fall/winter home garden for a few reasons. First, they are vegetables that survive winter, so you can plant them in the fall and enjoy them through the colder months. Second, turnips can be eaten raw in salads, or roasted. They are especially versatile because you can stir-fry the green tops or eat them in a salad. Finally, turnips are relatively easy to grow and don’t require much care. With just a little effort, you can enjoy fresh turnips all season long.

Turnips to Grow

Tokyo Market Turnips

Most Delicious Turnip I Grow
Tokyo Market Turnip-High Mowing Seeds Tokyo Market Turnip-High Mowing Seeds
  • I will always grow this turnip in my garden- it is THAT good
  • I eat the tops and the roots, raw in a salad or sauteed
  • The flavor is delicate and unforgettable
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Parsnips

Parsnips are a hardy root vegetable easily grown in a home garden. They love cool weather and get sweeter as the temperatures dip below freezing. Parsnips are also packed with nutrients, making them a great addition to any diet. In addition, they are relatively low maintenance, requiring only regular watering and occasional weeding. For these reasons, parsnips are an excellent choice for anyone looking to add some variety to their home garden.

Parsnips Varieties to Grow

Lancer Parsnips

Lancer Parsnips- High Mowing Seeds Lancer Parsnips- High Mowing Seeds
  • These parsnips can be stored well for SIX MONTHS
  • We love their sweet, nutty roasted flavor mashed with butter as a side dish, especially with roasted meats
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Arugula

Arugula is a cold hardy leafy green vegetable native to the Mediterranean region and southern Europe. It has been cultivated and gardened for centuries in Britain. Wild varieties can also be found across southern Europe. It is particularly popular in German and Italian culture. Arugula just gained popularity in America over the past few decades.

I LOVE growing arugula in my garden because it’s fast-growing, it gives a full-bodied, peppery kick to my salads, pastas, pizzas…you name it. 

Arugula plants prefer cooler, damp weather and can survive a light frost. Heat creates a strong and bitter flavor in the leaf. All this means that arugula is a PERFECT candidate for frost hardy vegetable to grow in your garden.

Arugula is a nutritious leafy green vegetable high in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as antioxidants. It has a peppery flavor popular in salads, sandwiches, and pizzas. Try adding some arugula to your next meal for a flavorful boost of nutrition!

Arugula Varieties to Grow

Astro

Organic and Cost Effective
Astro Arugula- High Mowing Seeds Astro Arugula- High Mowing Seeds
  • Grows fast and tolerates both hot and cold weather very well
  • Open Pollinated so you can save seeds and grow in future seasons
  • The best price on organic arugula seeds- easily 1/2 the price of other organic sources
  • For the price of 1 container of arugula from the store, you could supply all the arugula your family can eat for MONTHS
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Collards

Collard greens are a leafy green vegetable in the same family as cabbage and kale. They are cold hardy, meaning they can withstand cold temperatures better than other vegetables.

Collard greens have been grown for over 2000 years, dating back to the ancient Greeks and Romans. Today, collard greens are still enjoyed all over the world and are even the state vegetable of South Carolina.

Collard greens are most commonly eaten in the winter months when they peak in flavor and nutrition, so they are a natural pick for winter gardening. 

Collard greens can stay fresh for over a week when stored properly in the refrigerator.

Collard greens at our farm are the top sellers during this time of year, along with Kale. 

I use them in salads; I blanch them, then cool them for a Whole30-approved sandwich wrap, as well as braising them as you normally would.

 

Double Row of Collards in Market Garden
A Double Row of Collards in my Market Garden November 2023

Collard Varieties to Grow

Top Chop Collards

My Pick for Overwintering in my Garden
Top Chop Collards- Hoss Tools Top Chop Collards- Hoss Tools
  • Extremely cold-resistant and great for overwintering
  • These collards can be planted in the fall and harvested off of ALL WINTER LONG
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Champion Collards

Champion Collards- High Mowing Seeds Champion Collards- High Mowing Seeds
  • Compact plants stay under 3 feet tall
  • These hold well in the garden once mature until you’re ready to harvest
  • Very productive
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Mustard

Winter gardening can be a great way to get fresh, healthy produce even when the weather outside is cold and snowy. Another type of winter green particularly well-suited to winter gardening is mustard greens.

Mustard greens are a cruciferous vegetable related to kale, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and cauliflower.

Studies have shown that mustard greens are powerful cancer fighters thanks to glucosinolate, a plant chemical with anti-cancer properties.

Mustard greens are also associated with lower cholesterol, healthy skin and hair, and boosted immunity. Thanks to their high levels of vitamins K and C. So if you’re looking for a winter green to add to your garden, consider mustard greens.

Mustard Varieties to Grow

Red Giant Mustard

Red Giant Mustard- Botanical Interests Red Giant Mustard- Botanical Interests
  • Big, bold, maroon leaves with lime veins are as delicious as they are ornamental in the garden or a container.
  • Excellent pickled, wilted, or raw in salads, ‘Red Giant’s’ mustard flavor intensifies in older leaves and hot weather, providing hints of horseradish.
  • This traditional Asian green is faster growing and spicier than traditional southern mustards.
  • Cold tolerant and bolt resistant.
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Lettuce

Lettuce is a crop that does well in the winter, and many people don’t realize it is one of the cold hardy vegetables. Lettuce can thrive throughout the fall into the winter in many zones. Lettuce is also a popular crop whose prices continually rise in grocery stores. Therefore, it’s a good idea to grow lettuce in your home garden to reap the benefits of inexpensive, delicious greens.

Lettuce Varieties to Grow

Parris Island Cos Romaine

Parris Island Cos Romaine Seeds- Botanical Interests Parris Island Cos Romaine Seeds- Botanical Interests
  • Large, buttery, crisp heads of romaine
  • I will always grow these in my garden because they are productive and resistant to disease
  • By growing this yourself, you’ll have a safe supply of romaine lettuce to feed your family
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Landis Winter Lettuce

Landis Winter Lettuce- Baker Creek Landis Winter Lettuce- Baker Creek
  • Roughwood Seed Collection acquired this dark green classic Pennsylvania Dutch winter lettuce in 1994 from the well-known lettuce collector Mary Schultz of Monroe, Washington.
  • This is one of the hardiest, most frost-resistant lettuces we have ever grown. It even survived the Polar Vortex during the severe winter of 2013-2014.
  • Each head reaches 11 to 12 inches in diameter with a loose butterhead appearance.
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Carrots

Carrots are a cool-weather crop that can be grown in most home gardens relatively easily. They are frost tolerant and can even be grown under snow, making them an ideal winter crop.

Carrots also have several health benefits, including being a good source of fiber and vitamins A and C. Carrots can be stored for long periods without losing their flavor or nutritional value, making them a great addition to your winter pantry. When choosing carrots for your garden, look for varieties that are suited to cooler weather and that have been bred for storage. With a little bit of care, you can enjoy fresh carrots all winter long.

A bunch of freshly- picked Atlas carrots.

Carrot Varieties to Grow

Napoli

Napoli F1 Carrots- High Mowing Seeds Napoli F1 Carrots- High Mowing Seeds
  • A carrot variety for all seasons
  • Great flavor and color as an early spring or baby carrot, but will continue to grow to full size for fresh market or storage.
  • Great for high tunnels and one of Eliot Coleman’s top choices for overwintering! Available as raw or pelleted seed.
  • Long storage
  • 5-7″ Nantes-type
  • Hybrid
  • Intermediate Resistance: Alternaria Leaf Blight, Black Rot, Cercospora Leaf Blight, Cavity Spot, Liquorice Rot
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Atlas

Atlas carrots are a Parisienne carrot variety that is perfect for growing in shallow or heavy soils. They are small, round, and sweeter than other types of carrots. We love to roast these at our house.

Peas

Peas are a cool-weather crop that can actually take a pretty vigorous frost.

I plant sugar snap peas after I rip out my determinate tomatoes and they are still holding on and producing, even through 19 degree temps in December. 

They’re a delicious addition to your fall garden with very little effort. You don’t have to fertilize peas because they fix nitrogen from the air and put it in the soil.

Peas love cooler weather and will germinate quickly in cooler soil temperatures. For a fall crop of peas, sow peas in late July or early August. Peas require full sun and well-drained, fertile soil.

Since they’re a climbing vegetable, they need something to climb on like a fence, trellis, or netting.

Use fresh pea tendrils in salads for a special treat while you wait for the peas to grow big enough to pick!

Harvest peas when the pods are full but before they turn yellow. You can also eat snow peas when the peas are still immature and the pod is flat.

To store peas, keep them in the fridge in a perforated plastic bag for up to a week. Frozen peas will last 8-10 months.

Pea Varieties to Grow

Mammoth Melting Sugar Pea

Favorite all-around pea, hands down. Prolific yields, large pods stay stringless for a long time on the vine.

Magnolia Blossom Tendril Pea

A gorgeous fancy-looking pea that grows tons and tons of long tendrils that can be harvested and eaten on salads. These are a show-stopper in the garden, and I highly recommend them.

Beets

Beets are a cool weather crop that is easy to grow. They can be roasted with other root vegetables, eaten raw, or pickled. Beets need full sun and well-drained soil.

Beets can be harvested when they are two to three inches in diameter.

To roast beets, wash them and wrap them in foil. Roast at 400 degrees for 30-40 minutes. Let them cool and then slip the skins off. Eat them plain or with your favorite dressing. To eat them raw, simply wash, peel, and slice.

Grate them into salads or eat them as is with a dip. To pickle beets, wash and peel them. Cut them into thin slices or cubes. Place in a jar with vinegar, water, salt, and sugar. Refrigerate for at least 24 hours before eating. Enjoy your fresh beets!

Beet Varieties to Grow

Chioggia Guardsmark

Red Ace

Swiss Chard

Swiss chard is one of the hardiest vegetables to grow. It can be easily grown in cool weather and does not require much maintenance.

Swiss chard is a versatile vegetable used in soups, salads, and stir-fries. It is also a good source of vitamins A, C, and K. Swiss chard is relatively easy to grow.

It can be grown from seed or transplanted from an existing plant. Swiss chard prefers full sun but will tolerate partial shade. The soil should be well-drained and rich in organic matter.

Swiss chard can be harvested as early as six weeks after planting. The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Swiss chard plants will continue to produce new leaves throughout the growing season. 

When the leaves are harvested, the plants should be cut back to about four inches above the ground. This will encourage new growth. 

Swiss chard is a hardy vegetable that can be easily grown in cool weather. It is versatile and nutritious, making it a valuable addition to any garden.

Swiss Chard Varieties to Grow

Bright Lights 

Beautiful multi-colored stalks of swiss chard are prolific, delicious, and beautiful in the garden.

Fennel

Fennel is not the most popular vegetable out there, but it IS unique and is rather expensive if you have to buy it at the grocery store, so it’s a good idea to have some fennel growing if you need it.

Fennel loves to mature in cool weather and can take a light frost, so it’s ideal for a late summer/early fall garden.

Fennel Varieties to Grow

Fino

This variety yields the big bulb you’re used to seeing in your grocery store, and it’s open-pollinated, which means you can save seeds for next year. If you let a bulb or two bolt and go to flower and seed, fennel does a great job of self-seeding.

Preludio

A vigorous, high-yielding hybrid variety with massive bulbs that is perfect for late summer to fall harvesting.

Conclusion

Frost-hardy vegetables are a great addition to any garden. They are easy to grow and can withstand colder temperatures than most other vegetables. Some of the best frost-hardy vegetables to grow include beets, Swiss chard, and Brussels sprouts. These vegetables are versatile and packed with nutrients. So get out there and start growing your own frost-hardy vegetables today!

Tiara

These cabbages are small, quick-growing lovely heads of 2-pound cabbages. They are perfect for one meal, and can be densely planted in your garden so you get lots of production in a small space. 

I’m growing some as we speak and I can’t wait to harvest them. They are perfect for a single person or couple. Even in my family of 4, a regular cabbage is much too big because my daughters don’t like it the way my husband and I do. 

Very Versatile Size and Great Taste
Tiara Cabbages- High Mowing Seeds Tiara Cabbages- High Mowing Seeds
  • Small, 1-2 lb cabbages are the perfect size for 1 person
  • Smaller size means faster time to maturity


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Three Rows of Cabbage Seedlings in Dark Rich Soil with a Tan Drip Line Running Through the 30- inch Bed
My Tiara cabbages are growing away as I wait patiently to eat them.

Sprouting Broccoli

Sprouting broccoli is a frost-resistant vegetable that can mature in as quickly as 35 days, which is at least 6 weeks sooner than other regular heading broccoli varieties. The tender stems are full of nutrients, making it a great vegetable to grow in a home garden. Additionally, the frost-resistant nature of broccoli makes it a great choice for gardeners in colder climates. Because it matures so quickly, sprouting broccoli is also a great choice for gardeners who want to plant in late summer and start harvesting their fall crop as soon as possible. Sprouting broccoli also sends out several side shoots along with the main stalk. I’ve gotten as many as 5 or 6 harvests off a single sprouting broccoli plant!

Sprouting Broccoli Varieties to Grow

Santee F1

Santee F1 Sprouting Broccoli- High Mowing  Seeds Santee F1 Sprouting Broccoli- High Mowing Seeds
  • Mini purple heads on leafy stalks; also known as broccolini.
  • Abundant, tender burgundy spears and mini broccoli heads are flavorful and packed with nutrients.
  • Unlike most sprouting broccolis, Santee F1 doesn't require cold treatment to initiate bud development.
  • Can be overwintered for impressive yields.
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Frost-hardy vegetables can withstand frosty temperatures and even a light frost without damage.

Many gardeners choose to grow frost-hardy vegetables so they can enjoy fresh, homegrown produce even during the colder months.

If you have yet to grow frost-hardy vegetables in cold temperatures, read on to find out how many you can grow and how many taste better after a frost!

Frost Hardy Vegetables Allow You to Maximize the Amount of Food You Grow in a Single Plot

Growing up in the South, we didn’t really have a fall garden, and we definitely didn’t have a winter garden. Most people were so worn out by the long, hot, and humid summer growing season that they just needed a break by the time fall rolled around.

But now that I’m growing vegetables for an online store and farmstand, I need to squeeze out every bit of productivity from my 1/10 1/2 acre market garden plot that I can so I grow year-round.

My garden is almost as full of food in the fall as in the summer because I grow a wide variety of frost-tolerant vegetables.

We just had a rogue frost this October, 3 weeks earlier than usual. Most other gardens were killed off, but I hardly noticed the frost at all because my garden was already full of frost-hardy vegetables.

A bowl of fresh vegetables for a salad, including carrots, kale, red pepper, peas, tomatoes, sprouting broccoli.
This entire bowl of salad veggies came out of my garden a few days ago, the first week of November.

The Best Cold-Tolerant Vegetables to Grow

If you are ready to try cold-tolerant vegetables in your garden, try any or all of these vegetables during the cool temperatures of the fall and winter seasons. You’ll be rewarded with pounds and pounds of food that’s more delicious and affordable than anything in the grocery store!

Broccoli

Broccoli is a frost-resistant vegetable that thrives in cooler weather, making it a great choice for a fall home garden. It is also packed with nutrients, including vitamins A, C, and K.

Broccoli is a versatile vegetable that can be eaten raw or cooked, making it a great addition to any meal. When cooked, broccoli retains most of its nutrients. However, it is important to not overcook broccoli, as this can cause the vegetable to lose its nutritional value.

With its many vitamins and frost resistance, broccoli is a great choice for anyone looking to add more vegetables to their diet.

Broccoli Varieties to Grow

Waltham 29

This variety is a mainstay variety of broccoli. I recommend the heading broccoli because it is well-adapted for most gardeners.

My Go-To Heading Broccoli
Waltham 29 Broccoli- Hoss Tools Waltham 29 Broccoli- Hoss Tools
  • Excellent cold tolerance
  • The Go-To heading heirloom broccoli
  • Let some go to seed so you can replant next year
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Cabbage

Cabbage is a great vegetable to grow in a home garden for several reasons.

First, it is a hardy vegetable that can survive cold weather and even some frost. This means that it can be one of the first vegetables to be planted in the spring, and it will still produce well into the fall.

Second, cabbage is a very versatile vegetable. It can be eaten raw in salads, cooked as a side dish, or even pickled for later use. This makes it a great option for those who want fresh vegetables year-round.

Finally, cabbage is relatively easy to grow. It does not require much care or attention, and it will often do well even in less-than-ideal conditions. One particular benefit of growing cabbage in the fall is that the pests that normally plague cabbage are not as active in the fall. For all these reasons, cabbage is an excellent choice for anyone looking to add some fresh vegetables to their home garden.

Cabbage Varieties to Grow

Tiara

These cabbages are small, quick-growing lovely heads of 2-pound cabbages. They are perfect for one meal, and can be densely planted in your garden so you get lots of production in a small space. 

I’m growing some as we speak and I can’t wait to harvest them. They are perfect for a single person or couple. Even in my family of 4, a regular cabbage is much too big because my daughters don’t like it the way my husband and I do. 

Very Versatile Size and Great Taste
Tiara Cabbages- High Mowing Seeds Tiara Cabbages- High Mowing Seeds
  • Small, 1-2 lb cabbages are the perfect size for 1 person
  • Smaller size means faster time to maturity


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Three Rows of Cabbage Seedlings in Dark Rich Soil with a Tan Drip Line Running Through the 30- inch Bed
My Tiara cabbages are growing away as I wait patiently to eat them.

Sprouting Broccoli

Sprouting broccoli is a frost-resistant vegetable that can mature in as quickly as 35 days, which is at least 6 weeks sooner than other regular heading broccoli varieties. The tender stems are full of nutrients, making it a great vegetable to grow in a home garden. Additionally, the frost-resistant nature of broccoli makes it a great choice for gardeners in colder climates. Because it matures so quickly, sprouting broccoli is also a great choice for gardeners who want to plant in late summer and start harvesting their fall crop as soon as possible. Sprouting broccoli also sends out several side shoots along with the main stalk. I’ve gotten as many as 5 or 6 harvests off a single sprouting broccoli plant!

Sprouting Broccoli Varieties to Grow

Santee F1

Santee F1 Sprouting Broccoli- High Mowing  Seeds Santee F1 Sprouting Broccoli- High Mowing Seeds
  • Mini purple heads on leafy stalks; also known as broccolini.
  • Abundant, tender burgundy spears and mini broccoli heads are flavorful and packed with nutrients.
  • Unlike most sprouting broccolis, Santee F1 doesn’t require cold treatment to initiate bud development.
  • Can be overwintered for impressive yields.
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Kale

Kale is a great vegetable to grow in a home garden because it matures quickly and produces all fall and winter. It is extremely cold-tolerant and can survive all winter with a bit of protection. It truly is one of the hardiest vegetables to grow.

Kale is highly nutritious and high in fiber. The leaves are dark green and textured, and the flavor is slightly bitter. Kale can be eaten raw or cooked, and is often used in soups and salads. Kale is a good source of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as calcium, iron, and potassium. Growing kale in your home garden is a great way to get fresh, healthy vegetables all year round.

Picking kale at different maturity levels allows you to use it in different types of dishes. Early tender leaves can be used as fall and winter replacement for lettuce in salads, and if harvested later they can be sauteed and braised as a side dish. Another benefit of kale is its unmatched productivity. A single kale plant can produce pounds and pounds of food for your family. 

Kale Varieties to Grow

Red Russian

Slugs Tend to Stay Away
Red Russian Kale-High Mowing Seeds Red Russian Kale-High Mowing Seeds
  • I find that slugs seem to avoid this particular cultivar, possibly because the edges are not regular and the slugs have difficulty grabbing the leaf
  • Red Russian Kale is the one to grow if you have a lot of slugs around, in my experience
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Dwarf Blue Curled Kale

Very Tasty in Cold Weather
Dwarf Blue Curled Kale- Botanical Interests Dwarf Blue Curled Kale- Botanical Interests
  • Is delicious all year but really shines in cold weather
  • The tender leaves become sweeter after a light frost
  • The most popular kale in my market garden
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Scarlet Kale

Scarlet Kale- Hoss Tools Scarlet Kale- Hoss Tools
  • My favorite kale for kale salads- very flavorful leaves, but tender at the same time
  • Like all the kale I’ve tried, it gets sweeter over time
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Chinese Cabbage

Chinese cabbage is a hardy cabbage that can be grown in cool weather. It is easy to grow and produces a savoyed leaf that is quite tender with a mild flavor. Chinese cabbage can be harvested in as little as 30 days, making it a great option for gardeners who want to get a quick crop. The hardiness of this cabbage means that it can withstand frost and still produce a good harvest. So, if you’re looking for a cabbage that is easy to grow and produces a tasty leaf, then Chinese cabbage is a great option for you.

Chinese Cabbage Varieties to Grow

Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage

Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage-High Mowing Seeds Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage-High Mowing Seeds
  • Chinese Cabbage is a delicate and cold hearty addition to my garden
  • You’ll love this hybrid variety
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Turnips

Turnips are a great vegetable to grow in a fall/winter home garden for a few reasons. First, they are vegetables that survive winter, so you can plant them in the fall and enjoy them through the colder months. Second, turnips can be eaten raw in salads, or roasted. They are especially versatile because you can stir-fry the green tops or eat them in a salad. Finally, turnips are relatively easy to grow and don’t require much care. With just a little effort, you can enjoy fresh turnips all season long.

Turnips to Grow

Tokyo Market Turnips

Most Delicious Turnip I Grow
Tokyo Market Turnip-High Mowing Seeds Tokyo Market Turnip-High Mowing Seeds
  • I will always grow this turnip in my garden- it is THAT good
  • I eat the tops and the roots, raw in a salad or sauteed
  • The flavor is delicate and unforgettable
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Parsnips

Parsnips are a hardy root vegetable easily grown in a home garden. They love cool weather and get sweeter as the temperatures dip below freezing. Parsnips are also packed with nutrients, making them a great addition to any diet. In addition, they are relatively low maintenance, requiring only regular watering and occasional weeding. For these reasons, parsnips are an excellent choice for anyone looking to add some variety to their home garden.

Parsnips Varieties to Grow

Lancer Parsnips

Lancer Parsnips- High Mowing Seeds Lancer Parsnips- High Mowing Seeds
  • These parsnips can be stored well for SIX MONTHS
  • We love their sweet, nutty roasted flavor mashed with butter as a side dish, especially with roasted meats
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Arugula

Arugula is a cold hardy leafy green vegetable native to the Mediterranean region and southern Europe. It has been cultivated and gardened for centuries in Britain. Wild varieties can also be found across southern Europe. It is particularly popular in German and Italian culture. Arugula just gained popularity in America over the past few decades.

I LOVE growing arugula in my garden because it’s fast-growing, it gives a full-bodied, peppery kick to my salads, pastas, pizzas…you name it. 

Arugula plants prefer cooler, damp weather and can survive a light frost. Heat creates a strong and bitter flavor in the leaf. All this means that arugula is a PERFECT candidate for frost hardy vegetable to grow in your garden.

Arugula is a nutritious leafy green vegetable high in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as antioxidants. It has a peppery flavor popular in salads, sandwiches, and pizzas. Try adding some arugula to your next meal for a flavorful boost of nutrition!

Arugula Varieties to Grow

Astro

Organic and Cost Effective
Astro Arugula- High Mowing Seeds Astro Arugula- High Mowing Seeds
  • Grows fast and tolerates both hot and cold weather very well
  • Open Pollinated so you can save seeds and grow in future seasons
  • The best price on organic arugula seeds- easily 1/2 the price of other organic sources
  • For the price of 1 container of arugula from the store, you could supply all the arugula your family can eat for MONTHS
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Collards

Collard greens are a leafy green vegetable in the same family as cabbage and kale. They are cold hardy, meaning they can withstand cold temperatures better than other vegetables.

Collard greens have been grown for over 2000 years, dating back to the ancient Greeks and Romans. Today, collard greens are still enjoyed all over the world and are even the state vegetable of South Carolina.

Collard greens are most commonly eaten in the winter months when they peak in flavor and nutrition, so they are a natural pick for winter gardening. 

Collard greens can stay fresh for over a week when stored properly in the refrigerator.

Collard greens at our farm are the top sellers during this time of year, along with Kale. 

I use them in salads; I blanch them, then cool them for a Whole30-approved sandwich wrap, as well as braising them as you normally would.

 

Double Row of Collards in Market Garden
A Double Row of Collards in my Market Garden November 2023

Collard Varieties to Grow

Top Chop Collards

My Pick for Overwintering in my Garden
Top Chop Collards- Hoss Tools Top Chop Collards- Hoss Tools
  • Extremely cold-resistant and great for overwintering
  • These collards can be planted in the fall and harvested off of ALL WINTER LONG
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Champion Collards

Champion Collards- High Mowing Seeds Champion Collards- High Mowing Seeds
  • Compact plants stay under 3 feet tall
  • These hold well in the garden once mature until you’re ready to harvest
  • Very productive
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Mustard

Winter gardening can be a great way to get fresh, healthy produce even when the weather outside is cold and snowy. Another type of winter green particularly well-suited to winter gardening is mustard greens.

Mustard greens are a cruciferous vegetable related to kale, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and cauliflower.

Studies have shown that mustard greens are powerful cancer fighters thanks to glucosinolate, a plant chemical with anti-cancer properties.

Mustard greens are also associated with lower cholesterol, healthy skin and hair, and boosted immunity. Thanks to their high levels of vitamins K and C. So if you’re looking for a winter green to add to your garden, consider mustard greens.

Mustard Varieties to Grow

Red Giant Mustard

Red Giant Mustard- Botanical Interests Red Giant Mustard- Botanical Interests
  • Big, bold, maroon leaves with lime veins are as delicious as they are ornamental in the garden or a container.
  • Excellent pickled, wilted, or raw in salads, ‘Red Giant’s’ mustard flavor intensifies in older leaves and hot weather, providing hints of horseradish.
  • This traditional Asian green is faster growing and spicier than traditional southern mustards.
  • Cold tolerant and bolt resistant.
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Lettuce

Lettuce is a crop that does well in the winter, and many people don’t realize it is one of the cold hardy vegetables. Lettuce can thrive throughout the fall into the winter in many zones. Lettuce is also a popular crop whose prices continually rise in grocery stores. Therefore, it’s a good idea to grow lettuce in your home garden to reap the benefits of inexpensive, delicious greens.

Lettuce Varieties to Grow

Parris Island Cos Romaine

Parris Island Cos Romaine Seeds- Botanical Interests Parris Island Cos Romaine Seeds- Botanical Interests
  • Large, buttery, crisp heads of romaine
  • I will always grow these in my garden because they are productive and resistant to disease
  • By growing this yourself, you’ll have a safe supply of romaine lettuce to feed your family
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Landis Winter Lettuce

Landis Winter Lettuce- Baker Creek Landis Winter Lettuce- Baker Creek
  • Roughwood Seed Collection acquired this dark green classic Pennsylvania Dutch winter lettuce in 1994 from the well-known lettuce collector Mary Schultz of Monroe, Washington.
  • This is one of the hardiest, most frost-resistant lettuces we have ever grown. It even survived the Polar Vortex during the severe winter of 2013-2014.
  • Each head reaches 11 to 12 inches in diameter with a loose butterhead appearance.
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Carrots

Carrots are a cool-weather crop that can be grown in most home gardens relatively easily. They are frost tolerant and can even be grown under snow, making them an ideal winter crop.

Carrots also have several health benefits, including being a good source of fiber and vitamins A and C. Carrots can be stored for long periods without losing their flavor or nutritional value, making them a great addition to your winter pantry. When choosing carrots for your garden, look for varieties that are suited to cooler weather and that have been bred for storage. With a little bit of care, you can enjoy fresh carrots all winter long.

A bunch of freshly- picked Atlas carrots.

Carrot Varieties to Grow

Napoli

Napoli F1 Carrots- High Mowing Seeds Napoli F1 Carrots- High Mowing Seeds
  • A carrot variety for all seasons
  • Great flavor and color as an early spring or baby carrot, but will continue to grow to full size for fresh market or storage.
  • Great for high tunnels and one of Eliot Coleman’s top choices for overwintering! Available as raw or pelleted seed.
  • Long storage
  • 5-7″ Nantes-type
  • Hybrid
  • Intermediate Resistance: Alternaria Leaf Blight, Black Rot, Cercospora Leaf Blight, Cavity Spot, Liquorice Rot
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Atlas

Atlas carrots are a Parisienne carrot variety that is perfect for growing in shallow or heavy soils. They are small, round, and sweeter than other types of carrots. We love to roast these at our house.

Peas

Peas are a cool-weather crop that can actually take a pretty vigorous frost.

I plant sugar snap peas after I rip out my determinate tomatoes and they are still holding on and producing, even through 19 degree temps in December. 

They’re a delicious addition to your fall garden with very little effort. You don’t have to fertilize peas because they fix nitrogen from the air and put it in the soil.

Peas love cooler weather and will germinate quickly in cooler soil temperatures. For a fall crop of peas, sow peas in late July or early August. Peas require full sun and well-drained, fertile soil.

Since they’re a climbing vegetable, they need something to climb on like a fence, trellis, or netting.

Use fresh pea tendrils in salads for a special treat while you wait for the peas to grow big enough to pick!

Harvest peas when the pods are full but before they turn yellow. You can also eat snow peas when the peas are still immature and the pod is flat.

To store peas, keep them in the fridge in a perforated plastic bag for up to a week. Frozen peas will last 8-10 months.

Pea Varieties to Grow

Mammoth Melting Sugar Pea

Favorite all-around pea, hands down. Prolific yields, large pods stay stringless for a long time on the vine.

Magnolia Blossom Tendril Pea

A gorgeous fancy-looking pea that grows tons and tons of long tendrils that can be harvested and eaten on salads. These are a show-stopper in the garden, and I highly recommend them.

Beets

Beets are a cool weather crop that is easy to grow. They can be roasted with other root vegetables, eaten raw, or pickled. Beets need full sun and well-drained soil.

Beets can be harvested when they are two to three inches in diameter.

To roast beets, wash them and wrap them in foil. Roast at 400 degrees for 30-40 minutes. Let them cool and then slip the skins off. Eat them plain or with your favorite dressing. To eat them raw, simply wash, peel, and slice.

Grate them into salads or eat them as is with a dip. To pickle beets, wash and peel them. Cut them into thin slices or cubes. Place in a jar with vinegar, water, salt, and sugar. Refrigerate for at least 24 hours before eating. Enjoy your fresh beets!

Beet Varieties to Grow

Chioggia Guardsmark

Red Ace

Swiss Chard

Swiss chard is one of the hardiest vegetables to grow. It can be easily grown in cool weather and does not require much maintenance.

Swiss chard is a versatile vegetable used in soups, salads, and stir-fries. It is also a good source of vitamins A, C, and K. Swiss chard is relatively easy to grow.

It can be grown from seed or transplanted from an existing plant. Swiss chard prefers full sun but will tolerate partial shade. The soil should be well-drained and rich in organic matter.

Swiss chard can be harvested as early as six weeks after planting. The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Swiss chard plants will continue to produce new leaves throughout the growing season. 

When the leaves are harvested, the plants should be cut back to about four inches above the ground. This will encourage new growth. 

Swiss chard is a hardy vegetable that can be easily grown in cool weather. It is versatile and nutritious, making it a valuable addition to any garden.

Swiss Chard Varieties to Grow

Bright Lights 

Beautiful multi-colored stalks of swiss chard are prolific, delicious, and beautiful in the garden.

Fennel

Fennel is not the most popular vegetable out there, but it IS unique and is rather expensive if you have to buy it at the grocery store, so it’s a good idea to have some fennel growing if you need it.

Fennel loves to mature in cool weather and can take a light frost, so it’s ideal for a late summer/early fall garden.

Fennel Varieties to Grow

Fino

This variety yields the big bulb you’re used to seeing in your grocery store, and it’s open-pollinated, which means you can save seeds for next year. If you let a bulb or two bolt and go to flower and seed, fennel does a great job of self-seeding.

Preludio

A vigorous, high-yielding hybrid variety with massive bulbs that is perfect for late summer to fall harvesting.

Conclusion

Frost-hardy vegetables are a great addition to any garden. They are easy to grow and can withstand colder temperatures than most other vegetables. Some of the best frost-hardy vegetables to grow include beets, Swiss chard, and Brussels sprouts. These vegetables are versatile and packed with nutrients. So get out there and start growing your own frost-hardy vegetables today!

Kale

Kale is a great vegetable to grow in a home garden because it matures quickly and produces all fall and winter. It is extremely cold-tolerant and can survive all winter with a bit of protection. It truly is one of the hardiest vegetables to grow.

Kale is highly nutritious and high in fiber. The leaves are dark green and textured, and the flavor is slightly bitter. Kale can be eaten raw or cooked, and is often used in soups and salads. Kale is a good source of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as calcium, iron, and potassium. Growing kale in your home garden is a great way to get fresh, healthy vegetables all year round.

Picking kale at different maturity levels allows you to use it in different types of dishes. Early tender leaves can be used as fall and winter replacement for lettuce in salads, and if harvested later they can be sauteed and braised as a side dish. Another benefit of kale is its unmatched productivity. A single kale plant can produce pounds and pounds of food for your family. 

Kale Varieties to Grow

Red Russian

Slugs Tend to Stay Away
Red Russian Kale-High Mowing Seeds Red Russian Kale-High Mowing Seeds
  • I find that slugs seem to avoid this particular cultivar, possibly because the edges are not regular and the slugs have difficulty grabbing the leaf
  • Red Russian Kale is the one to grow if you have a lot of slugs around, in my experience
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Dwarf Blue Curled Kale

Very Tasty in Cold Weather
Dwarf Blue Curled Kale- Botanical Interests Dwarf Blue Curled Kale- Botanical Interests
  • Is delicious all year but really shines in cold weather
  • The tender leaves become sweeter after a light frost
  • The most popular kale in my market garden
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Scarlet Kale

Scarlet Kale- Hoss Tools Scarlet Kale- Hoss Tools
  • My favorite kale for kale salads- very flavorful leaves, but tender at the same time
  • Like all the kale I've tried, it gets sweeter over time
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Chinese Cabbage

Chinese cabbage is a hardy cabbage that can be grown in cool weather. It is easy to grow and produces a savoyed leaf that is quite tender with a mild flavor. Chinese cabbage can be harvested in as little as 30 days, making it a great option for gardeners who want to get a quick crop. The hardiness of this cabbage means that it can withstand frost and still produce a good harvest. So, if you’re looking for a cabbage that is easy to grow and produces a tasty leaf, then Chinese cabbage is a great option for you.

Chinese Cabbage Varieties to Grow

Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage

Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage-High Mowing Seeds Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage-High Mowing Seeds
  • Chinese Cabbage is a delicate and cold hearty addition to my garden
  • You'll love this hybrid variety
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Turnips

Turnips are a great vegetable to grow in a fall/winter home garden for a few reasons. First, they are vegetables that survive winter, so you can plant them in the fall and enjoy them through the colder months. Second, turnips can be eaten raw in salads, or roasted. They are especially versatile because you can stir-fry the green tops or eat them in a salad. Finally, turnips are relatively easy to grow and don’t require much care. With just a little effort, you can enjoy fresh turnips all season long.

Turnips to Grow

Tokyo Market Turnips

Most Delicious Turnip I Grow
Tokyo Market Turnip-High Mowing Seeds Tokyo Market Turnip-High Mowing Seeds
  • I will always grow this turnip in my garden- it is THAT good
  • I eat the tops and the roots, raw in a salad or sauteed
  • The flavor is delicate and unforgettable
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Parsnips

Parsnips are a hardy root vegetable easily grown in a home garden. They love cool weather and get sweeter as the temperatures dip below freezing. Parsnips are also packed with nutrients, making them a great addition to any diet. In addition, they are relatively low maintenance, requiring only regular watering and occasional weeding. For these reasons, parsnips are an excellent choice for anyone looking to add some variety to their home garden.

Parsnips Varieties to Grow

Lancer Parsnips

Lancer Parsnips- High Mowing Seeds Lancer Parsnips- High Mowing Seeds
  • These parsnips can be stored well for SIX MONTHS
  • We love their sweet, nutty roasted flavor mashed with butter as a side dish, especially with roasted meats
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Arugula

Arugula is a cold hardy leafy green vegetable native to the Mediterranean region and southern Europe. It has been cultivated and gardened for centuries in Britain. Wild varieties can also be found across southern Europe. It is particularly popular in German and Italian culture. Arugula just gained popularity in America over the past few decades.

I LOVE growing arugula in my garden because it’s fast-growing, it gives a full-bodied, peppery kick to my salads, pastas, pizzas…you name it. 

Arugula plants prefer cooler, damp weather and can survive a light frost. Heat creates a strong and bitter flavor in the leaf. All this means that arugula is a PERFECT candidate for frost hardy vegetable to grow in your garden.

Arugula is a nutritious leafy green vegetable high in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as antioxidants. It has a peppery flavor popular in salads, sandwiches, and pizzas. Try adding some arugula to your next meal for a flavorful boost of nutrition!

Arugula Varieties to Grow

Astro

Frost-hardy vegetables can withstand frosty temperatures and even a light frost without damage.

Many gardeners choose to grow frost-hardy vegetables so they can enjoy fresh, homegrown produce even during the colder months.

If you have yet to grow frost-hardy vegetables in cold temperatures, read on to find out how many you can grow and how many taste better after a frost!

Frost Hardy Vegetables Allow You to Maximize the Amount of Food You Grow in a Single Plot

Growing up in the South, we didn’t really have a fall garden, and we definitely didn’t have a winter garden. Most people were so worn out by the long, hot, and humid summer growing season that they just needed a break by the time fall rolled around.

But now that I’m growing vegetables for an online store and farmstand, I need to squeeze out every bit of productivity from my 1/10 1/2 acre market garden plot that I can so I grow year-round.

My garden is almost as full of food in the fall as in the summer because I grow a wide variety of frost-tolerant vegetables.

We just had a rogue frost this October, 3 weeks earlier than usual. Most other gardens were killed off, but I hardly noticed the frost at all because my garden was already full of frost-hardy vegetables.

A bowl of fresh vegetables for a salad, including carrots, kale, red pepper, peas, tomatoes, sprouting broccoli.
This entire bowl of salad veggies came out of my garden a few days ago, the first week of November.

The Best Cold-Tolerant Vegetables to Grow

If you are ready to try cold-tolerant vegetables in your garden, try any or all of these vegetables during the cool temperatures of the fall and winter seasons. You’ll be rewarded with pounds and pounds of food that’s more delicious and affordable than anything in the grocery store!

Broccoli

Broccoli is a frost-resistant vegetable that thrives in cooler weather, making it a great choice for a fall home garden. It is also packed with nutrients, including vitamins A, C, and K.

Broccoli is a versatile vegetable that can be eaten raw or cooked, making it a great addition to any meal. When cooked, broccoli retains most of its nutrients. However, it is important to not overcook broccoli, as this can cause the vegetable to lose its nutritional value.

With its many vitamins and frost resistance, broccoli is a great choice for anyone looking to add more vegetables to their diet.

Broccoli Varieties to Grow

Waltham 29

This variety is a mainstay variety of broccoli. I recommend the heading broccoli because it is well-adapted for most gardeners.

My Go-To Heading Broccoli
Waltham 29 Broccoli- Hoss Tools Waltham 29 Broccoli- Hoss Tools
  • Excellent cold tolerance
  • The Go-To heading heirloom broccoli
  • Let some go to seed so you can replant next year
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Cabbage

Cabbage is a great vegetable to grow in a home garden for several reasons.

First, it is a hardy vegetable that can survive cold weather and even some frost. This means that it can be one of the first vegetables to be planted in the spring, and it will still produce well into the fall.

Second, cabbage is a very versatile vegetable. It can be eaten raw in salads, cooked as a side dish, or even pickled for later use. This makes it a great option for those who want fresh vegetables year-round.

Finally, cabbage is relatively easy to grow. It does not require much care or attention, and it will often do well even in less-than-ideal conditions. One particular benefit of growing cabbage in the fall is that the pests that normally plague cabbage are not as active in the fall. For all these reasons, cabbage is an excellent choice for anyone looking to add some fresh vegetables to their home garden.

Cabbage Varieties to Grow

Tiara

These cabbages are small, quick-growing lovely heads of 2-pound cabbages. They are perfect for one meal, and can be densely planted in your garden so you get lots of production in a small space. 

I’m growing some as we speak and I can’t wait to harvest them. They are perfect for a single person or couple. Even in my family of 4, a regular cabbage is much too big because my daughters don’t like it the way my husband and I do. 

Very Versatile Size and Great Taste
Tiara Cabbages- High Mowing Seeds Tiara Cabbages- High Mowing Seeds
  • Small, 1-2 lb cabbages are the perfect size for 1 person
  • Smaller size means faster time to maturity


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Three Rows of Cabbage Seedlings in Dark Rich Soil with a Tan Drip Line Running Through the 30- inch Bed
My Tiara cabbages are growing away as I wait patiently to eat them.

Sprouting Broccoli

Sprouting broccoli is a frost-resistant vegetable that can mature in as quickly as 35 days, which is at least 6 weeks sooner than other regular heading broccoli varieties. The tender stems are full of nutrients, making it a great vegetable to grow in a home garden. Additionally, the frost-resistant nature of broccoli makes it a great choice for gardeners in colder climates. Because it matures so quickly, sprouting broccoli is also a great choice for gardeners who want to plant in late summer and start harvesting their fall crop as soon as possible. Sprouting broccoli also sends out several side shoots along with the main stalk. I’ve gotten as many as 5 or 6 harvests off a single sprouting broccoli plant!

Sprouting Broccoli Varieties to Grow

Santee F1

Santee F1 Sprouting Broccoli- High Mowing  Seeds Santee F1 Sprouting Broccoli- High Mowing Seeds
  • Mini purple heads on leafy stalks; also known as broccolini.
  • Abundant, tender burgundy spears and mini broccoli heads are flavorful and packed with nutrients.
  • Unlike most sprouting broccolis, Santee F1 doesn’t require cold treatment to initiate bud development.
  • Can be overwintered for impressive yields.
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Kale

Kale is a great vegetable to grow in a home garden because it matures quickly and produces all fall and winter. It is extremely cold-tolerant and can survive all winter with a bit of protection. It truly is one of the hardiest vegetables to grow.

Kale is highly nutritious and high in fiber. The leaves are dark green and textured, and the flavor is slightly bitter. Kale can be eaten raw or cooked, and is often used in soups and salads. Kale is a good source of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as calcium, iron, and potassium. Growing kale in your home garden is a great way to get fresh, healthy vegetables all year round.

Picking kale at different maturity levels allows you to use it in different types of dishes. Early tender leaves can be used as fall and winter replacement for lettuce in salads, and if harvested later they can be sauteed and braised as a side dish. Another benefit of kale is its unmatched productivity. A single kale plant can produce pounds and pounds of food for your family. 

Kale Varieties to Grow

Red Russian

Slugs Tend to Stay Away
Red Russian Kale-High Mowing Seeds Red Russian Kale-High Mowing Seeds
  • I find that slugs seem to avoid this particular cultivar, possibly because the edges are not regular and the slugs have difficulty grabbing the leaf
  • Red Russian Kale is the one to grow if you have a lot of slugs around, in my experience
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Dwarf Blue Curled Kale

Very Tasty in Cold Weather
Dwarf Blue Curled Kale- Botanical Interests Dwarf Blue Curled Kale- Botanical Interests
  • Is delicious all year but really shines in cold weather
  • The tender leaves become sweeter after a light frost
  • The most popular kale in my market garden
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Scarlet Kale

Scarlet Kale- Hoss Tools Scarlet Kale- Hoss Tools
  • My favorite kale for kale salads- very flavorful leaves, but tender at the same time
  • Like all the kale I’ve tried, it gets sweeter over time
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Chinese Cabbage

Chinese cabbage is a hardy cabbage that can be grown in cool weather. It is easy to grow and produces a savoyed leaf that is quite tender with a mild flavor. Chinese cabbage can be harvested in as little as 30 days, making it a great option for gardeners who want to get a quick crop. The hardiness of this cabbage means that it can withstand frost and still produce a good harvest. So, if you’re looking for a cabbage that is easy to grow and produces a tasty leaf, then Chinese cabbage is a great option for you.

Chinese Cabbage Varieties to Grow

Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage

Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage-High Mowing Seeds Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage-High Mowing Seeds
  • Chinese Cabbage is a delicate and cold hearty addition to my garden
  • You’ll love this hybrid variety
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Turnips

Turnips are a great vegetable to grow in a fall/winter home garden for a few reasons. First, they are vegetables that survive winter, so you can plant them in the fall and enjoy them through the colder months. Second, turnips can be eaten raw in salads, or roasted. They are especially versatile because you can stir-fry the green tops or eat them in a salad. Finally, turnips are relatively easy to grow and don’t require much care. With just a little effort, you can enjoy fresh turnips all season long.

Turnips to Grow

Tokyo Market Turnips

Most Delicious Turnip I Grow
Tokyo Market Turnip-High Mowing Seeds Tokyo Market Turnip-High Mowing Seeds
  • I will always grow this turnip in my garden- it is THAT good
  • I eat the tops and the roots, raw in a salad or sauteed
  • The flavor is delicate and unforgettable
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Parsnips

Parsnips are a hardy root vegetable easily grown in a home garden. They love cool weather and get sweeter as the temperatures dip below freezing. Parsnips are also packed with nutrients, making them a great addition to any diet. In addition, they are relatively low maintenance, requiring only regular watering and occasional weeding. For these reasons, parsnips are an excellent choice for anyone looking to add some variety to their home garden.

Parsnips Varieties to Grow

Lancer Parsnips

Lancer Parsnips- High Mowing Seeds Lancer Parsnips- High Mowing Seeds
  • These parsnips can be stored well for SIX MONTHS
  • We love their sweet, nutty roasted flavor mashed with butter as a side dish, especially with roasted meats
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Arugula

Arugula is a cold hardy leafy green vegetable native to the Mediterranean region and southern Europe. It has been cultivated and gardened for centuries in Britain. Wild varieties can also be found across southern Europe. It is particularly popular in German and Italian culture. Arugula just gained popularity in America over the past few decades.

I LOVE growing arugula in my garden because it’s fast-growing, it gives a full-bodied, peppery kick to my salads, pastas, pizzas…you name it. 

Arugula plants prefer cooler, damp weather and can survive a light frost. Heat creates a strong and bitter flavor in the leaf. All this means that arugula is a PERFECT candidate for frost hardy vegetable to grow in your garden.

Arugula is a nutritious leafy green vegetable high in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as antioxidants. It has a peppery flavor popular in salads, sandwiches, and pizzas. Try adding some arugula to your next meal for a flavorful boost of nutrition!

Arugula Varieties to Grow

Astro

Organic and Cost Effective
Astro Arugula- High Mowing Seeds Astro Arugula- High Mowing Seeds
  • Grows fast and tolerates both hot and cold weather very well
  • Open Pollinated so you can save seeds and grow in future seasons
  • The best price on organic arugula seeds- easily 1/2 the price of other organic sources
  • For the price of 1 container of arugula from the store, you could supply all the arugula your family can eat for MONTHS
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Collards

Collard greens are a leafy green vegetable in the same family as cabbage and kale. They are cold hardy, meaning they can withstand cold temperatures better than other vegetables.

Collard greens have been grown for over 2000 years, dating back to the ancient Greeks and Romans. Today, collard greens are still enjoyed all over the world and are even the state vegetable of South Carolina.

Collard greens are most commonly eaten in the winter months when they peak in flavor and nutrition, so they are a natural pick for winter gardening. 

Collard greens can stay fresh for over a week when stored properly in the refrigerator.

Collard greens at our farm are the top sellers during this time of year, along with Kale. 

I use them in salads; I blanch them, then cool them for a Whole30-approved sandwich wrap, as well as braising them as you normally would.

 

Double Row of Collards in Market Garden
A Double Row of Collards in my Market Garden November 2023

Collard Varieties to Grow

Top Chop Collards

My Pick for Overwintering in my Garden
Top Chop Collards- Hoss Tools Top Chop Collards- Hoss Tools
  • Extremely cold-resistant and great for overwintering
  • These collards can be planted in the fall and harvested off of ALL WINTER LONG
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Champion Collards

Champion Collards- High Mowing Seeds Champion Collards- High Mowing Seeds
  • Compact plants stay under 3 feet tall
  • These hold well in the garden once mature until you’re ready to harvest
  • Very productive
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Mustard

Winter gardening can be a great way to get fresh, healthy produce even when the weather outside is cold and snowy. Another type of winter green particularly well-suited to winter gardening is mustard greens.

Mustard greens are a cruciferous vegetable related to kale, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and cauliflower.

Studies have shown that mustard greens are powerful cancer fighters thanks to glucosinolate, a plant chemical with anti-cancer properties.

Mustard greens are also associated with lower cholesterol, healthy skin and hair, and boosted immunity. Thanks to their high levels of vitamins K and C. So if you’re looking for a winter green to add to your garden, consider mustard greens.

Mustard Varieties to Grow

Red Giant Mustard

Red Giant Mustard- Botanical Interests Red Giant Mustard- Botanical Interests
  • Big, bold, maroon leaves with lime veins are as delicious as they are ornamental in the garden or a container.
  • Excellent pickled, wilted, or raw in salads, ‘Red Giant’s’ mustard flavor intensifies in older leaves and hot weather, providing hints of horseradish.
  • This traditional Asian green is faster growing and spicier than traditional southern mustards.
  • Cold tolerant and bolt resistant.
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Lettuce

Lettuce is a crop that does well in the winter, and many people don’t realize it is one of the cold hardy vegetables. Lettuce can thrive throughout the fall into the winter in many zones. Lettuce is also a popular crop whose prices continually rise in grocery stores. Therefore, it’s a good idea to grow lettuce in your home garden to reap the benefits of inexpensive, delicious greens.

Lettuce Varieties to Grow

Parris Island Cos Romaine

Parris Island Cos Romaine Seeds- Botanical Interests Parris Island Cos Romaine Seeds- Botanical Interests
  • Large, buttery, crisp heads of romaine
  • I will always grow these in my garden because they are productive and resistant to disease
  • By growing this yourself, you’ll have a safe supply of romaine lettuce to feed your family
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Landis Winter Lettuce

Landis Winter Lettuce- Baker Creek Landis Winter Lettuce- Baker Creek
  • Roughwood Seed Collection acquired this dark green classic Pennsylvania Dutch winter lettuce in 1994 from the well-known lettuce collector Mary Schultz of Monroe, Washington.
  • This is one of the hardiest, most frost-resistant lettuces we have ever grown. It even survived the Polar Vortex during the severe winter of 2013-2014.
  • Each head reaches 11 to 12 inches in diameter with a loose butterhead appearance.
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Carrots

Carrots are a cool-weather crop that can be grown in most home gardens relatively easily. They are frost tolerant and can even be grown under snow, making them an ideal winter crop.

Carrots also have several health benefits, including being a good source of fiber and vitamins A and C. Carrots can be stored for long periods without losing their flavor or nutritional value, making them a great addition to your winter pantry. When choosing carrots for your garden, look for varieties that are suited to cooler weather and that have been bred for storage. With a little bit of care, you can enjoy fresh carrots all winter long.

A bunch of freshly- picked Atlas carrots.

Carrot Varieties to Grow

Napoli

Napoli F1 Carrots- High Mowing Seeds Napoli F1 Carrots- High Mowing Seeds
  • A carrot variety for all seasons
  • Great flavor and color as an early spring or baby carrot, but will continue to grow to full size for fresh market or storage.
  • Great for high tunnels and one of Eliot Coleman’s top choices for overwintering! Available as raw or pelleted seed.
  • Long storage
  • 5-7″ Nantes-type
  • Hybrid
  • Intermediate Resistance: Alternaria Leaf Blight, Black Rot, Cercospora Leaf Blight, Cavity Spot, Liquorice Rot
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Atlas

Atlas carrots are a Parisienne carrot variety that is perfect for growing in shallow or heavy soils. They are small, round, and sweeter than other types of carrots. We love to roast these at our house.

Peas

Peas are a cool-weather crop that can actually take a pretty vigorous frost.

I plant sugar snap peas after I rip out my determinate tomatoes and they are still holding on and producing, even through 19 degree temps in December. 

They’re a delicious addition to your fall garden with very little effort. You don’t have to fertilize peas because they fix nitrogen from the air and put it in the soil.

Peas love cooler weather and will germinate quickly in cooler soil temperatures. For a fall crop of peas, sow peas in late July or early August. Peas require full sun and well-drained, fertile soil.

Since they’re a climbing vegetable, they need something to climb on like a fence, trellis, or netting.

Use fresh pea tendrils in salads for a special treat while you wait for the peas to grow big enough to pick!

Harvest peas when the pods are full but before they turn yellow. You can also eat snow peas when the peas are still immature and the pod is flat.

To store peas, keep them in the fridge in a perforated plastic bag for up to a week. Frozen peas will last 8-10 months.

Pea Varieties to Grow

Mammoth Melting Sugar Pea

Favorite all-around pea, hands down. Prolific yields, large pods stay stringless for a long time on the vine.

Magnolia Blossom Tendril Pea

A gorgeous fancy-looking pea that grows tons and tons of long tendrils that can be harvested and eaten on salads. These are a show-stopper in the garden, and I highly recommend them.

Beets

Beets are a cool weather crop that is easy to grow. They can be roasted with other root vegetables, eaten raw, or pickled. Beets need full sun and well-drained soil.

Beets can be harvested when they are two to three inches in diameter.

To roast beets, wash them and wrap them in foil. Roast at 400 degrees for 30-40 minutes. Let them cool and then slip the skins off. Eat them plain or with your favorite dressing. To eat them raw, simply wash, peel, and slice.

Grate them into salads or eat them as is with a dip. To pickle beets, wash and peel them. Cut them into thin slices or cubes. Place in a jar with vinegar, water, salt, and sugar. Refrigerate for at least 24 hours before eating. Enjoy your fresh beets!

Beet Varieties to Grow

Chioggia Guardsmark

Red Ace

Swiss Chard

Swiss chard is one of the hardiest vegetables to grow. It can be easily grown in cool weather and does not require much maintenance.

Swiss chard is a versatile vegetable used in soups, salads, and stir-fries. It is also a good source of vitamins A, C, and K. Swiss chard is relatively easy to grow.

It can be grown from seed or transplanted from an existing plant. Swiss chard prefers full sun but will tolerate partial shade. The soil should be well-drained and rich in organic matter.

Swiss chard can be harvested as early as six weeks after planting. The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Swiss chard plants will continue to produce new leaves throughout the growing season. 

When the leaves are harvested, the plants should be cut back to about four inches above the ground. This will encourage new growth. 

Swiss chard is a hardy vegetable that can be easily grown in cool weather. It is versatile and nutritious, making it a valuable addition to any garden.

Swiss Chard Varieties to Grow

Bright Lights 

Beautiful multi-colored stalks of swiss chard are prolific, delicious, and beautiful in the garden.

Fennel

Fennel is not the most popular vegetable out there, but it IS unique and is rather expensive if you have to buy it at the grocery store, so it’s a good idea to have some fennel growing if you need it.

Fennel loves to mature in cool weather and can take a light frost, so it’s ideal for a late summer/early fall garden.

Fennel Varieties to Grow

Fino

This variety yields the big bulb you’re used to seeing in your grocery store, and it’s open-pollinated, which means you can save seeds for next year. If you let a bulb or two bolt and go to flower and seed, fennel does a great job of self-seeding.

Preludio

A vigorous, high-yielding hybrid variety with massive bulbs that is perfect for late summer to fall harvesting.

Conclusion

Frost-hardy vegetables are a great addition to any garden. They are easy to grow and can withstand colder temperatures than most other vegetables. Some of the best frost-hardy vegetables to grow include beets, Swiss chard, and Brussels sprouts. These vegetables are versatile and packed with nutrients. So get out there and start growing your own frost-hardy vegetables today!

Organic and Cost Effective
Astro Arugula- High Mowing Seeds Astro Arugula- High Mowing Seeds
  • Grows fast and tolerates both hot and cold weather very well
  • Open Pollinated so you can save seeds and grow in future seasons
  • The best price on organic arugula seeds- easily 1/2 the price of other organic sources
  • For the price of 1 container of arugula from the store, you could supply all the arugula your family can eat for MONTHS
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Collards

Collard greens are a leafy green vegetable in the same family as cabbage and kale. They are cold hardy, meaning they can withstand cold temperatures better than other vegetables.

Collard greens have been grown for over 2000 years, dating back to the ancient Greeks and Romans. Today, collard greens are still enjoyed all over the world and are even the state vegetable of South Carolina.

Collard greens are most commonly eaten in the winter months when they peak in flavor and nutrition, so they are a natural pick for winter gardening. 

Collard greens can stay fresh for over a week when stored properly in the refrigerator.

Collard greens at our farm are the top sellers during this time of year, along with Kale. 

I use them in salads; I blanch them, then cool them for a Whole30-approved sandwich wrap, as well as braising them as you normally would.

 

Double Row of Collards in Market Garden
A Double Row of Collards in my Market Garden November 2023

Collard Varieties to Grow

Frost-hardy vegetables can withstand frosty temperatures and even a light frost without damage.

Many gardeners choose to grow frost-hardy vegetables so they can enjoy fresh, homegrown produce even during the colder months.

If you have yet to grow frost-hardy vegetables in cold temperatures, read on to find out how many you can grow and how many taste better after a frost!

Frost Hardy Vegetables Allow You to Maximize the Amount of Food You Grow in a Single Plot

Growing up in the South, we didn’t really have a fall garden, and we definitely didn’t have a winter garden. Most people were so worn out by the long, hot, and humid summer growing season that they just needed a break by the time fall rolled around.

But now that I’m growing vegetables for an online store and farmstand, I need to squeeze out every bit of productivity from my 1/10 1/2 acre market garden plot that I can so I grow year-round.

My garden is almost as full of food in the fall as in the summer because I grow a wide variety of frost-tolerant vegetables.

We just had a rogue frost this October, 3 weeks earlier than usual. Most other gardens were killed off, but I hardly noticed the frost at all because my garden was already full of frost-hardy vegetables.

A bowl of fresh vegetables for a salad, including carrots, kale, red pepper, peas, tomatoes, sprouting broccoli.
This entire bowl of salad veggies came out of my garden a few days ago, the first week of November.

The Best Cold-Tolerant Vegetables to Grow

If you are ready to try cold-tolerant vegetables in your garden, try any or all of these vegetables during the cool temperatures of the fall and winter seasons. You’ll be rewarded with pounds and pounds of food that’s more delicious and affordable than anything in the grocery store!

Broccoli

Broccoli is a frost-resistant vegetable that thrives in cooler weather, making it a great choice for a fall home garden. It is also packed with nutrients, including vitamins A, C, and K.

Broccoli is a versatile vegetable that can be eaten raw or cooked, making it a great addition to any meal. When cooked, broccoli retains most of its nutrients. However, it is important to not overcook broccoli, as this can cause the vegetable to lose its nutritional value.

With its many vitamins and frost resistance, broccoli is a great choice for anyone looking to add more vegetables to their diet.

Broccoli Varieties to Grow

Waltham 29

This variety is a mainstay variety of broccoli. I recommend the heading broccoli because it is well-adapted for most gardeners.

My Go-To Heading Broccoli
Waltham 29 Broccoli- Hoss Tools Waltham 29 Broccoli- Hoss Tools
  • Excellent cold tolerance
  • The Go-To heading heirloom broccoli
  • Let some go to seed so you can replant next year
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Cabbage

Cabbage is a great vegetable to grow in a home garden for several reasons.

First, it is a hardy vegetable that can survive cold weather and even some frost. This means that it can be one of the first vegetables to be planted in the spring, and it will still produce well into the fall.

Second, cabbage is a very versatile vegetable. It can be eaten raw in salads, cooked as a side dish, or even pickled for later use. This makes it a great option for those who want fresh vegetables year-round.

Finally, cabbage is relatively easy to grow. It does not require much care or attention, and it will often do well even in less-than-ideal conditions. One particular benefit of growing cabbage in the fall is that the pests that normally plague cabbage are not as active in the fall. For all these reasons, cabbage is an excellent choice for anyone looking to add some fresh vegetables to their home garden.

Cabbage Varieties to Grow

Tiara

These cabbages are small, quick-growing lovely heads of 2-pound cabbages. They are perfect for one meal, and can be densely planted in your garden so you get lots of production in a small space. 

I’m growing some as we speak and I can’t wait to harvest them. They are perfect for a single person or couple. Even in my family of 4, a regular cabbage is much too big because my daughters don’t like it the way my husband and I do. 

Very Versatile Size and Great Taste
Tiara Cabbages- High Mowing Seeds Tiara Cabbages- High Mowing Seeds
  • Small, 1-2 lb cabbages are the perfect size for 1 person
  • Smaller size means faster time to maturity


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Three Rows of Cabbage Seedlings in Dark Rich Soil with a Tan Drip Line Running Through the 30- inch Bed
My Tiara cabbages are growing away as I wait patiently to eat them.

Sprouting Broccoli

Sprouting broccoli is a frost-resistant vegetable that can mature in as quickly as 35 days, which is at least 6 weeks sooner than other regular heading broccoli varieties. The tender stems are full of nutrients, making it a great vegetable to grow in a home garden. Additionally, the frost-resistant nature of broccoli makes it a great choice for gardeners in colder climates. Because it matures so quickly, sprouting broccoli is also a great choice for gardeners who want to plant in late summer and start harvesting their fall crop as soon as possible. Sprouting broccoli also sends out several side shoots along with the main stalk. I’ve gotten as many as 5 or 6 harvests off a single sprouting broccoli plant!

Sprouting Broccoli Varieties to Grow

Santee F1

Santee F1 Sprouting Broccoli- High Mowing  Seeds Santee F1 Sprouting Broccoli- High Mowing Seeds
  • Mini purple heads on leafy stalks; also known as broccolini.
  • Abundant, tender burgundy spears and mini broccoli heads are flavorful and packed with nutrients.
  • Unlike most sprouting broccolis, Santee F1 doesn’t require cold treatment to initiate bud development.
  • Can be overwintered for impressive yields.
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Kale

Kale is a great vegetable to grow in a home garden because it matures quickly and produces all fall and winter. It is extremely cold-tolerant and can survive all winter with a bit of protection. It truly is one of the hardiest vegetables to grow.

Kale is highly nutritious and high in fiber. The leaves are dark green and textured, and the flavor is slightly bitter. Kale can be eaten raw or cooked, and is often used in soups and salads. Kale is a good source of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as calcium, iron, and potassium. Growing kale in your home garden is a great way to get fresh, healthy vegetables all year round.

Picking kale at different maturity levels allows you to use it in different types of dishes. Early tender leaves can be used as fall and winter replacement for lettuce in salads, and if harvested later they can be sauteed and braised as a side dish. Another benefit of kale is its unmatched productivity. A single kale plant can produce pounds and pounds of food for your family. 

Kale Varieties to Grow

Red Russian

Slugs Tend to Stay Away
Red Russian Kale-High Mowing Seeds Red Russian Kale-High Mowing Seeds
  • I find that slugs seem to avoid this particular cultivar, possibly because the edges are not regular and the slugs have difficulty grabbing the leaf
  • Red Russian Kale is the one to grow if you have a lot of slugs around, in my experience
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Dwarf Blue Curled Kale

Very Tasty in Cold Weather
Dwarf Blue Curled Kale- Botanical Interests Dwarf Blue Curled Kale- Botanical Interests
  • Is delicious all year but really shines in cold weather
  • The tender leaves become sweeter after a light frost
  • The most popular kale in my market garden
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Scarlet Kale

Scarlet Kale- Hoss Tools Scarlet Kale- Hoss Tools
  • My favorite kale for kale salads- very flavorful leaves, but tender at the same time
  • Like all the kale I’ve tried, it gets sweeter over time
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Chinese Cabbage

Chinese cabbage is a hardy cabbage that can be grown in cool weather. It is easy to grow and produces a savoyed leaf that is quite tender with a mild flavor. Chinese cabbage can be harvested in as little as 30 days, making it a great option for gardeners who want to get a quick crop. The hardiness of this cabbage means that it can withstand frost and still produce a good harvest. So, if you’re looking for a cabbage that is easy to grow and produces a tasty leaf, then Chinese cabbage is a great option for you.

Chinese Cabbage Varieties to Grow

Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage

Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage-High Mowing Seeds Emiko F1 Chinese Cabbage-High Mowing Seeds
  • Chinese Cabbage is a delicate and cold hearty addition to my garden
  • You’ll love this hybrid variety
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Turnips

Turnips are a great vegetable to grow in a fall/winter home garden for a few reasons. First, they are vegetables that survive winter, so you can plant them in the fall and enjoy them through the colder months. Second, turnips can be eaten raw in salads, or roasted. They are especially versatile because you can stir-fry the green tops or eat them in a salad. Finally, turnips are relatively easy to grow and don’t require much care. With just a little effort, you can enjoy fresh turnips all season long.

Turnips to Grow

Tokyo Market Turnips

Most Delicious Turnip I Grow
Tokyo Market Turnip-High Mowing Seeds Tokyo Market Turnip-High Mowing Seeds
  • I will always grow this turnip in my garden- it is THAT good
  • I eat the tops and the roots, raw in a salad or sauteed
  • The flavor is delicate and unforgettable
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Parsnips

Parsnips are a hardy root vegetable easily grown in a home garden. They love cool weather and get sweeter as the temperatures dip below freezing. Parsnips are also packed with nutrients, making them a great addition to any diet. In addition, they are relatively low maintenance, requiring only regular watering and occasional weeding. For these reasons, parsnips are an excellent choice for anyone looking to add some variety to their home garden.

Parsnips Varieties to Grow

Lancer Parsnips

Lancer Parsnips- High Mowing Seeds Lancer Parsnips- High Mowing Seeds
  • These parsnips can be stored well for SIX MONTHS
  • We love their sweet, nutty roasted flavor mashed with butter as a side dish, especially with roasted meats
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Arugula

Arugula is a cold hardy leafy green vegetable native to the Mediterranean region and southern Europe. It has been cultivated and gardened for centuries in Britain. Wild varieties can also be found across southern Europe. It is particularly popular in German and Italian culture. Arugula just gained popularity in America over the past few decades.

I LOVE growing arugula in my garden because it’s fast-growing, it gives a full-bodied, peppery kick to my salads, pastas, pizzas…you name it. 

Arugula plants prefer cooler, damp weather and can survive a light frost. Heat creates a strong and bitter flavor in the leaf. All this means that arugula is a PERFECT candidate for frost hardy vegetable to grow in your garden.

Arugula is a nutritious leafy green vegetable high in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as antioxidants. It has a peppery flavor popular in salads, sandwiches, and pizzas. Try adding some arugula to your next meal for a flavorful boost of nutrition!

Arugula Varieties to Grow

Astro

Organic and Cost Effective
Astro Arugula- High Mowing Seeds Astro Arugula- High Mowing Seeds
  • Grows fast and tolerates both hot and cold weather very well
  • Open Pollinated so you can save seeds and grow in future seasons
  • The best price on organic arugula seeds- easily 1/2 the price of other organic sources
  • For the price of 1 container of arugula from the store, you could supply all the arugula your family can eat for MONTHS
We earn a commission if you make a purchase, at no additional cost to you.

Collards

Collard greens are a leafy green vegetable in the same family as cabbage and kale. They are cold hardy, meaning they can withstand cold temperatures better than other vegetables.

Collard greens have been grown for over 2000 years, dating back to the ancient Greeks and Romans. Today, collard greens are still enjoyed all over the world and are even the state vegetable of South Carolina.

Collard greens are most commonly eaten in the winter months when they peak in flavor and nutrition, so they are a natural pick for winter gardening. 

Collard greens can stay fresh for over a week when stored properly in the refrigerator.

Collard greens at our farm are the top sellers during this time of year, along with Kale. 

I use them in salads; I blanch them, then cool them for a Whole30-approved sandwich wrap, as well as braising them as you normally would.

 

Double Row of Collards in Market Garden
A Double Row of Collards in my Market Garden November 2023

Collard Varieties to Grow

Top Chop Collards

My Pick for Overwintering in my Garden
Top Chop Collards- Hoss Tools Top Chop Collards- Hoss Tools
  • Extremely cold-resistant and great for overwintering
  • These collards can be planted in the fall and harvested off of ALL WINTER LONG
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Champion Collards

Champion Collards- High Mowing Seeds Champion Collards- High Mowing Seeds
  • Compact plants stay under 3 feet tall
  • These hold well in the garden once mature until you’re ready to harvest
  • Very productive
We earn a commission if you make a purchase, at no additional cost to you.

Mustard

Winter gardening can be a great way to get fresh, healthy produce even when the weather outside is cold and snowy. Another type of winter green particularly well-suited to winter gardening is mustard greens.

Mustard greens are a cruciferous vegetable related to kale, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and cauliflower.

Studies have shown that mustard greens are powerful cancer fighters thanks to glucosinolate, a plant chemical with anti-cancer properties.

Mustard greens are also associated with lower cholesterol, healthy skin and hair, and boosted immunity. Thanks to their high levels of vitamins K and C. So if you’re looking for a winter green to add to your garden, consider mustard greens.

Mustard Varieties to Grow

Red Giant Mustard

Red Giant Mustard- Botanical Interests Red Giant Mustard- Botanical Interests
  • Big, bold, maroon leaves with lime veins are as delicious as they are ornamental in the garden or a container.
  • Excellent pickled, wilted, or raw in salads, ‘Red Giant’s’ mustard flavor intensifies in older leaves and hot weather, providing hints of horseradish.
  • This traditional Asian green is faster growing and spicier than traditional southern mustards.
  • Cold tolerant and bolt resistant.
We earn a commission if you make a purchase, at no additional cost to you.

Lettuce

Lettuce is a crop that does well in the winter, and many people don’t realize it is one of the cold hardy vegetables. Lettuce can thrive throughout the fall into the winter in many zones. Lettuce is also a popular crop whose prices continually rise in grocery stores. Therefore, it’s a good idea to grow lettuce in your home garden to reap the benefits of inexpensive, delicious greens.

Lettuce Varieties to Grow

Parris Island Cos Romaine

Parris Island Cos Romaine Seeds- Botanical Interests Parris Island Cos Romaine Seeds- Botanical Interests
  • Large, buttery, crisp heads of romaine
  • I will always grow these in my garden because they are productive and resistant to disease
  • By growing this yourself, you’ll have a safe supply of romaine lettuce to feed your family
We earn a commission if you make a purchase, at no additional cost to you.

Landis Winter Lettuce

Landis Winter Lettuce- Baker Creek Landis Winter Lettuce- Baker Creek
  • Roughwood Seed Collection acquired this dark green classic Pennsylvania Dutch winter lettuce in 1994 from the well-known lettuce collector Mary Schultz of Monroe, Washington.
  • This is one of the hardiest, most frost-resistant lettuces we have ever grown. It even survived the Polar Vortex during the severe winter of 2013-2014.
  • Each head reaches 11 to 12 inches in diameter with a loose butterhead appearance.
We earn a commission if you make a purchase, at no additional cost to you.

Carrots

Carrots are a cool-weather crop that can be grown in most home gardens relatively easily. They are frost tolerant and can even be grown under snow, making them an ideal winter crop.

Carrots also have several health benefits, including being a good source of fiber and vitamins A and C. Carrots can be stored for long periods without losing their flavor or nutritional value, making them a great addition to your winter pantry. When choosing carrots for your garden, look for varieties that are suited to cooler weather and that have been bred for storage. With a little bit of care, you can enjoy fresh carrots all winter long.

A bunch of freshly- picked Atlas carrots.

Carrot Varieties to Grow

Napoli

Napoli F1 Carrots- High Mowing Seeds Napoli F1 Carrots- High Mowing Seeds
  • A carrot variety for all seasons
  • Great flavor and color as an early spring or baby carrot, but will continue to grow to full size for fresh market or storage.
  • Great for high tunnels and one of Eliot Coleman’s top choices for overwintering! Available as raw or pelleted seed.
  • Long storage
  • 5-7″ Nantes-type
  • Hybrid
  • Intermediate Resistance: Alternaria Leaf Blight, Black Rot, Cercospora Leaf Blight, Cavity Spot, Liquorice Rot
We earn a commission if you make a purchase, at no additional cost to you.

 

Atlas

Atlas carrots are a Parisienne carrot variety that is perfect for growing in shallow or heavy soils. They are small, round, and sweeter than other types of carrots. We love to roast these at our house.

Peas

Peas are a cool-weather crop that can actually take a pretty vigorous frost.

I plant sugar snap peas after I rip out my determinate tomatoes and they are still holding on and producing, even through 19 degree temps in December. 

They’re a delicious addition to your fall garden with very little effort. You don’t have to fertilize peas because they fix nitrogen from the air and put it in the soil.

Peas love cooler weather and will germinate quickly in cooler soil temperatures. For a fall crop of peas, sow peas in late July or early August. Peas require full sun and well-drained, fertile soil.

Since they’re a climbing vegetable, they need something to climb on like a fence, trellis, or netting.

Use fresh pea tendrils in salads for a special treat while you wait for the peas to grow big enough to pick!

Harvest peas when the pods are full but before they turn yellow. You can also eat snow peas when the peas are still immature and the pod is flat.

To store peas, keep them in the fridge in a perforated plastic bag for up to a week. Frozen peas will last 8-10 months.

Pea Varieties to Grow

Mammoth Melting Sugar Pea

Favorite all-around pea, hands down. Prolific yields, large pods stay stringless for a long time on the vine.

Magnolia Blossom Tendril Pea

A gorgeous fancy-looking pea that grows tons and tons of long tendrils that can be harvested and eaten on salads. These are a show-stopper in the garden, and I highly recommend them.

Beets

Beets are a cool weather crop that is easy to grow. They can be roasted with other root vegetables, eaten raw, or pickled. Beets need full sun and well-drained soil.

Beets can be harvested when they are two to three inches in diameter.

To roast beets, wash them and wrap them in foil. Roast at 400 degrees for 30-40 minutes. Let them cool and then slip the skins off. Eat them plain or with your favorite dressing. To eat them raw, simply wash, peel, and slice.

Grate them into salads or eat them as is with a dip. To pickle beets, wash and peel them. Cut them into thin slices or cubes. Place in a jar with vinegar, water, salt, and sugar. Refrigerate for at least 24 hours before eating. Enjoy your fresh beets!

Beet Varieties to Grow

Chioggia Guardsmark

Red Ace

Swiss Chard

Swiss chard is one of the hardiest vegetables to grow. It can be easily grown in cool weather and does not require much maintenance.

Swiss chard is a versatile vegetable used in soups, salads, and stir-fries. It is also a good source of vitamins A, C, and K. Swiss chard is relatively easy to grow.

It can be grown from seed or transplanted from an existing plant. Swiss chard prefers full sun but will tolerate partial shade. The soil should be well-drained and rich in organic matter.

Swiss chard can be harvested as early as six weeks after planting. The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Swiss chard plants will continue to produce new leaves throughout the growing season. 

When the leaves are harvested, the plants should be cut back to about four inches above the ground. This will encourage new growth. 

Swiss chard is a hardy vegetable that can be easily grown in cool weather. It is versatile and nutritious, making it a valuable addition to any garden.

Swiss Chard Varieties to Grow

Bright Lights 

Beautiful multi-colored stalks of swiss chard are prolific, delicious, and beautiful in the garden.

Fennel

Fennel is not the most popular vegetable out there, but it IS unique and is rather expensive if you have to buy it at the grocery store, so it’s a good idea to have some fennel growing if you need it.

Fennel loves to mature in cool weather and can take a light frost, so it’s ideal for a late summer/early fall garden.

Fennel Varieties to Grow

Fino

This variety yields the big bulb you’re used to seeing in your grocery store, and it’s open-pollinated, which means you can save seeds for next year. If you let a bulb or two bolt and go to flower and seed, fennel does a great job of self-seeding.

Preludio

A vigorous, high-yielding hybrid variety with massive bulbs that is perfect for late summer to fall harvesting.

Conclusion

Frost-hardy vegetables are a great addition to any garden. They are easy to grow and can withstand colder temperatures than most other vegetables. Some of the best frost-hardy vegetables to grow include beets, Swiss chard, and Brussels sprouts. These vegetables are versatile and packed with nutrients. So get out there and start growing your own frost-hardy vegetables today!

Top Chop Collards

My Pick for Overwintering in my Garden
Top Chop Collards- Hoss Tools Top Chop Collards- Hoss Tools
  • Extremely cold-resistant and great for overwintering
  • These collards can be planted in the fall and harvested off of ALL WINTER LONG
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Champion Collards

Champion Collards- High Mowing Seeds Champion Collards- High Mowing Seeds
  • Compact plants stay under 3 feet tall
  • These hold well in the garden once mature until you're ready to harvest
  • Very productive
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Mustard

Winter gardening can be a great way to get fresh, healthy produce even when the weather outside is cold and snowy. Another type of winter green particularly well-suited to winter gardening is mustard greens.

Mustard greens are a cruciferous vegetable related to kale, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and cauliflower.

Studies have shown that mustard greens are powerful cancer fighters thanks to glucosinolate, a plant chemical with anti-cancer properties.

Mustard greens are also associated with lower cholesterol, healthy skin and hair, and boosted immunity. Thanks to their high levels of vitamins K and C. So if you’re looking for a winter green to add to your garden, consider mustard greens.

Mustard Varieties to Grow

Red Giant Mustard

Red Giant Mustard- Botanical Interests Red Giant Mustard- Botanical Interests
  • Big, bold, maroon leaves with lime veins are as delicious as they are ornamental in the garden or a container.
  • Excellent pickled, wilted, or raw in salads, 'Red Giant's' mustard flavor intensifies in older leaves and hot weather, providing hints of horseradish.
  • This traditional Asian green is faster growing and spicier than traditional southern mustards.
  • Cold tolerant and bolt resistant.
We earn a commission if you make a purchase, at no additional cost to you.

Lettuce

Lettuce is a crop that does well in the winter, and many people don’t realize it is one of the cold hardy vegetables. Lettuce can thrive throughout the fall into the winter in many zones. Lettuce is also a popular crop whose prices continually rise in grocery stores. Therefore, it’s a good idea to grow lettuce in your home garden to reap the benefits of inexpensive, delicious greens.

Lettuce Varieties to Grow

Parris Island Cos Romaine

Parris Island Cos Romaine Seeds- Botanical Interests Parris Island Cos Romaine Seeds- Botanical Interests
  • Large, buttery, crisp heads of romaine
  • I will always grow these in my garden because they are productive and resistant to disease
  • By growing this yourself, you'll have a safe supply of romaine lettuce to feed your family
We earn a commission if you make a purchase, at no additional cost to you.

Landis Winter Lettuce

Landis Winter Lettuce- Baker Creek Landis Winter Lettuce- Baker Creek
  • Roughwood Seed Collection acquired this dark green classic Pennsylvania Dutch winter lettuce in 1994 from the well-known lettuce collector Mary Schultz of Monroe, Washington.
  • This is one of the hardiest, most frost-resistant lettuces we have ever grown. It even survived the Polar Vortex during the severe winter of 2013-2014.
  • Each head reaches 11 to 12 inches in diameter with a loose butterhead appearance.
We earn a commission if you make a purchase, at no additional cost to you.

Carrots

Carrots are a cool-weather crop that can be grown in most home gardens relatively easily. They are frost tolerant and can even be grown under snow, making them an ideal winter crop.

Carrots also have several health benefits, including being a good source of fiber and vitamins A and C. Carrots can be stored for long periods without losing their flavor or nutritional value, making them a great addition to your winter pantry. When choosing carrots for your garden, look for varieties that are suited to cooler weather and that have been bred for storage. With a little bit of care, you can enjoy fresh carrots all winter long.

A bunch of freshly- picked Atlas carrots.

Carrot Varieties to Grow

Napoli

Napoli F1 Carrots- High Mowing Seeds Napoli F1 Carrots- High Mowing Seeds
  • A carrot variety for all seasons
  • Great flavor and color as an early spring or baby carrot, but will continue to grow to full size for fresh market or storage.
  • Great for high tunnels and one of Eliot Coleman's top choices for overwintering! Available as raw or pelleted seed.
  • Long storage
  • 5-7" Nantes-type
  • Hybrid
  • Intermediate Resistance: Alternaria Leaf Blight, Black Rot, Cercospora Leaf Blight, Cavity Spot, Liquorice Rot
We earn a commission if you make a purchase, at no additional cost to you.

 

Atlas

Atlas carrots are a Parisienne carrot variety that is perfect for growing in shallow or heavy soils. They are small, round, and sweeter than other types of carrots. We love to roast these at our house.

Peas

Peas are a cool-weather crop that can actually take a pretty vigorous frost.

I plant sugar snap peas after I rip out my determinate tomatoes and they are still holding on and producing, even through 19 degree temps in December. 

They’re a delicious addition to your fall garden with very little effort. You don’t have to fertilize peas because they fix nitrogen from the air and put it in the soil.

Peas love cooler weather and will germinate quickly in cooler soil temperatures. For a fall crop of peas, sow peas in late July or early August. Peas require full sun and well-drained, fertile soil.

Since they’re a climbing vegetable, they need something to climb on like a fence, trellis, or netting.

Use fresh pea tendrils in salads for a special treat while you wait for the peas to grow big enough to pick!

Harvest peas when the pods are full but before they turn yellow. You can also eat snow peas when the peas are still immature and the pod is flat.

To store peas, keep them in the fridge in a perforated plastic bag for up to a week. Frozen peas will last 8-10 months.

Pea Varieties to Grow

Mammoth Melting Sugar Pea

Favorite all-around pea, hands down. Prolific yields, large pods stay stringless for a long time on the vine.

Magnolia Blossom Tendril Pea

A gorgeous fancy-looking pea that grows tons and tons of long tendrils that can be harvested and eaten on salads. These are a show-stopper in the garden, and I highly recommend them.

Beets

Beets are a cool weather crop that is easy to grow. They can be roasted with other root vegetables, eaten raw, or pickled. Beets need full sun and well-drained soil.

Beets can be harvested when they are two to three inches in diameter.

To roast beets, wash them and wrap them in foil. Roast at 400 degrees for 30-40 minutes. Let them cool and then slip the skins off. Eat them plain or with your favorite dressing. To eat them raw, simply wash, peel, and slice.

Grate them into salads or eat them as is with a dip. To pickle beets, wash and peel them. Cut them into thin slices or cubes. Place in a jar with vinegar, water, salt, and sugar. Refrigerate for at least 24 hours before eating. Enjoy your fresh beets!

Beet Varieties to Grow

Swiss Chard

Swiss chard is one of the hardiest vegetables to grow. It can be easily grown in cool weather and does not require much maintenance.

Swiss chard is a versatile vegetable used in soups, salads, and stir-fries. It is also a good source of vitamins A, C, and K. Swiss chard is relatively easy to grow.

It can be grown from seed or transplanted from an existing plant. Swiss chard prefers full sun but will tolerate partial shade. The soil should be well-drained and rich in organic matter.

Swiss chard can be harvested as early as six weeks after planting. The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Swiss chard plants will continue to produce new leaves throughout the growing season. 

When the leaves are harvested, the plants should be cut back to about four inches above the ground. This will encourage new growth. 

Swiss chard is a hardy vegetable that can be easily grown in cool weather. It is versatile and nutritious, making it a valuable addition to any garden.

Swiss Chard Varieties to Grow

Bright Lights 

Beautiful multi-colored stalks of swiss chard are prolific, delicious, and beautiful in the garden.

Fennel

Fennel is not the most popular vegetable out there, but it IS unique and is rather expensive if you have to buy it at the grocery store, so it’s a good idea to have some fennel growing if you need it.

Fennel loves to mature in cool weather and can take a light frost, so it’s ideal for a late summer/early fall garden.

Fennel Varieties to Grow

Fino

This variety yields the big bulb you’re used to seeing in your grocery store, and it’s open-pollinated, which means you can save seeds for next year. If you let a bulb or two bolt and go to flower and seed, fennel does a great job of self-seeding.

Preludio

A vigorous, high-yielding hybrid variety with massive bulbs that is perfect for late summer to fall harvesting.

Conclusion

Frost-hardy vegetables are a great addition to any garden. They are easy to grow and can withstand colder temperatures than most other vegetables. Some of the best frost-hardy vegetables to grow include beets, Swiss chard, and Brussels sprouts. These vegetables are versatile and packed with nutrients. So get out there and start growing your own frost-hardy vegetables today!

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